Possessive adjectives are words that are used to show ownership or possession. In English, there are eight possessive adjectives: “my,” “your,” “his,” “her,” “its,” “our,” “your,” and “their.”

My” is used to show ownership or possession of something by the speaker. For example:

  • “This is my phone.” (The speaker owns the phone.)
  • “My car is in the garage.” (The speaker owns the car.)

Your” is used to show ownership or possession of something by the person being spoken to. For example:

  • “Is this your book?” (The person being spoken to owns the book.)
  • “Your dog is very cute.” (The person being spoken to owns the dog.)

Your can also be plural, for showing ownership or possession of something by a group of people that are being spoken to. For example:

  • “Are these your keys?” (The group of people being spoken to owns the keys.)
  • “Your dogs are very well-behaved.” (The group of people being spoken to owns the dogs.)

His” is used to show ownership or possession of something by a male. For example:

  • “His car is very fast.” (The male owns the car.)
  • “He lost his wallet.” (The male owns the wallet.)

Her” is used to show ownership or possession of something by a female. For example:

  • “Her house is very nice.” (The female owns the house.)
  • “She bought a new purse to match her shoes.” (The female owns the purse and the shoes.)

Its” is used to show ownership or possession of something by an animal or thing. For example:

  • “The cat chased its tail.” (The cat owns its tail.)
  • “The computer has a broken screen, but its hard drive is still working.” (The computer owns the hard drive.)

Our” is used to show ownership or possession of something by a group of people that includes the speaker. For example:

  • “Our car is in the driveway.” (The speaker and others own the car.)
  • “We are going to paint our house this weekend.” (The speaker and others own the house.

    Their” is used to show ownership or possession of something by a group of people that does not include the speaker. For example:

    • “Their car is very expensive.” (The group of people owns the car.)
    • “They are going to decorate their bedroom this weekend.” (The group of people owns the bedroom.)

    Placement

    Possessive adjectives are usually placed before the noun or pronoun they are modifying. For example:

    • “My cat is very playful.” (In this sentence, “my” is a possessive adjective modifying the noun “cat.”)
    • “Her house is very nice.” (In this sentence, “her” is a possessive adjective modifying the noun “house.”)

    Agreement

    It’s important to note that possessive adjectives must agree with the noun or pronoun they are modifying in terms of number (singular or plural). For example:

    • “My cat is very playful.” (In this sentence, “my” is singular because it is modifying the singular noun “cat.”)
    • “Our cats are very playful.” (In this sentence, “our” is plural because it is modifying the plural noun “cats.”)