“The Greek philosopher Aristotle identified three fundamental strategies for persuading an audience—English teachers may call these strategies “rhetorical appeals.” Everyone who reads or writes arguments should be able to recognize these:
Logos is the appeal to logic or reason.
Ethos is the appeal based on ethics, which establishes the credibility of the author.
Pathos is the appeal to the emotions of the audience.”
“Many beginning writers, especially when trying to write argumentatively, will include only evidence that supports their thesis. This is a beginner’s mistake.
Any intelligent reader will think up competing (contradictory) evidence on their own. And even if they don’t, they will have to assume that if you ignore all opposing evidence you have either, a) not done a proper research job or are, b) willfully hiding unflattering facts.”
Including a counterargument is one of the single-most effective strategies for becoming an academic writer. Your writing will be more detailed, dig deeper, and engage more thoroughly with the material – all by attempting one extra paragraph that takes on the primary opposing argument.Read More
Dr. Carl Rogers believed that one of the keys to a productive argument involved validating the opposing point of view. If you’ve taken a persuasive writing class then you are probably familiar with the counterargument, but what...Read More
The first step to effective communication? Understanding your audience – including TEACHERS. Specific help for writing for the teacher audience.Read More
One of the largest challenges to moving from middle-school and early high school writing to more advanced work is the challenge to write something original. This doesn’t mean you have to invent some whole new theory of life, the universe, and everything. Rather, it means you have to make your reader think.Read More
Aug 27, 2017 | Argument
You will probably receive, or have received, the following feedback at some point: “Try to narrow your thesis.”
This may seem odd; a thesis isn’t something you can squeeze and shape. Can a thesis be ‘fat’?
The comment is an attempt to explain that you have bitten off more than you can chew.”
Use this clever strategy to take a bunch of ideas and shape them into a coherent essay.Read More
Selecting a few, specific key words then using them throughout your essay will help emphasize your thesis and create flow and continuity.Read More
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